A dental hygienist is a licensed dental professional who specialises in preventive oral health, typically focusing on techniques in oral hygiene. Common procedures performed by hygienists include cleanings known as prophylaxis, scaling and root planing for patients with periodontal disease, taking of prescribed radiographs, dental sealants, administration of fluoride and providing instructions for proper oral hygiene and care.
Daily brushing and cleaning between your teeth is important because it removes plaque. Plaque is a film of bacteria, which forms on the surface of the teeth and gums every day. Many of the bacteria in plaque are completely harmless, but there are some that have been shown to be the main cause of tooth decay and gum disease. If the plaque isn't removed, it continues to build up, feeding on the food debris left behind and causing tooth decay and gum disease. To prevent this from happening; you need to make sure you remove all the plaque from your teeth every day. This is done by correctly brushing and flossing and regular hygienist visits.
The Hygienist will usually give your teeth a thorough clean. You'll also be shown how to remove plaque successfully yourself, cleaning all surfaces of your teeth thoroughly and effectively. This may take a number of sessions with the hygienist.
Over a period of months or years a dental hygienist may have his or her work evaluated several times, altering the diagnosis and plan numerous times as the client's condition changes.